The Birds of Illinois

This is this official Illinois State List of Birds. The list is based on the deliberations of the seven-member Illinois Ornithological Records Committee (IORC). IORC was organized in 1986 to review Illinois bird records using evidence submitted to it by observers and others. Such evidence may include an identifiable specimen, photograph, a digital or electronic image, video or audio tape recording, and/or written documentation. See the Illinois Ornithological Records Committee page for more information about IORC. The taxonomy and nomenclature used here follow the seventh edition of the American Ornithologists’ Union checklist (AOU 1998) and its supplements (through the 58th supplement, Chesser et al 2017, issued July 2017).

A total of 444 species and three species groups have been officially recorded in the state as of May 2018. The three species groups are White-crested/Small-billed Elaenia, Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher, and California/Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay.

IOS Field Checklist (PDF)

Evidence Type
  • photo = photograph
  • audio = audio recording
  • spec = specimen
  • doc = written documentation
Status Information
  • Regular = Species for which there are records in at least eight of the past ten years.
  • Casual = Species for which there are accepted records in three to seven of the past ten years.
  • Accidental = Species for which there are accepted records in no more than two of the past ten years.
  • Extirpated = Species which were formerly Casual or Regular in Illinois but which have not been recorded in the wild in the state for at least 50 years.
  • Extinct = Species which have occurred in the state but no longer occur anywhere in the world.
Breeding Information
  • For species that have bred in Illinois, an additional notation appears in the entry, following a slash (“/”).
  • B = Species which currently breed more or less regularly in the state. In general, this is defined by breeding in at least eight of the last ten years or 40 or more of the last 50 years.
  • b = Species which have bred at least once in the past 50 years, but do not currently breed regularly.
  • (B) = Species which formerly bred more or less regularly in the state, but which have not been confirmed as breeding in the past 50 years.
  • (b) = Species which have been confirmed as breeding in the state, but never regularly, and with no confirmed records of breeding in the past 50 years.

Two terms are restricted to breeding species, based on Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) designations. These are:

  • Endangered = Species whose breeding populations are in danger of extirpation within Illinois; listed as endangered by the IDNR.
  • Threatened = Species whose breeding populations are at risk of becoming endangered within Illinois; listed as threatened by the IDNR.

Recent Additions: Red-naped Sapsucker, Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher, White-crested/Small-billed Elaenia, Cassin’s Vireo, Plumbeous Vireo, Wandering Tattler

Recent Removals: Western Gull

Recent Removal due to Taxonomy Changes in the 58th AOS Check-list Supplement: Thayer’s Gull

Recent Additons/Removals due to Taxonomy Changes in the 57th AOU Check-list Supplement: Green Violetear replaced with Mexican Violetear, Western Scrub-Jay replaced with California/Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay

Order: Anseriformes

Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans)

  • Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis) (spec) Casual
  • Fulvous Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna bicolor) (photo) Accidental
  • Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens) (spec) Regular / b (cross-breeding)
  • Ross’s Goose (Anser rossii) (spec) Regular
  • Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons) (spec) Regular
  • Brant (Branta bernicla) (spec) Casual
  • Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii) (spec) Regular
  • Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) (spec) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator) (spec) Extirpated (reintroduced, established) / (b)
  • Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus) (spec) Regular
  • Wood Duck (Aix sponsa) (spec) Regular / B
  • Garganey (Spatula querquedula) (doc) Accidental
  • Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors) (spec) Regular / B
  • Cinnamon Teal (Spatula cyanoptera) (photo) Regular
  • Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata) (spec) Regular / b
  • Gadwall (Mareca strepera) (spec) Regular / b
  • Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope) (spec) Casual
  • American Wigeon (Mareca americana) (spec) Regular
  • Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) (spec) Regular / B
  • American Black Duck (Anas rubripes) (spec) Regular / b
  • Mottled Duck (Anas fulvigula) (photo) Casual
  • Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) (spec) Regular / b
  • Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) (spec) Regular / b
  • Canvasback (Aythya valisineria) (spec) Regular / b (NE)
  • Redhead (Aythya americana) (spec) Regular / b
  • Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris) (spec) Regular
  • Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) (doc) Accidental
  • Greater Scaup (Aythya marila) (spec) Regular
  • Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) (spec) Regular / b
  • King Eider (Somateria spectabilis) (spec) Accidental
  • Common Eider (Somateria mollissima) (photo) Accidental
  • Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus) (photo) Regular
  • Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata) (spec) Regular
  • White-winged Scoter (Melanitta fusca) (spec) Regular
  • Black Scoter (Melanitta americana) (spec) Regular
  • Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis) (spec) Regular
  • Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola) (spec) Regular
  • Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) (spec) Regular
  • Barrow’s Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica) (spec) Casual
  • Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Common Merganser (Mergus merganser) (spec) Regular
  • Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator) (spec) Regular / b (NE)
  • Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) (spec) Regular / B

Order: Galliformes

Family: Odontophoridae (New World Quail)

  • Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Phasianidae (Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, and Old World Quail)

  • Gray Partridge (Perdix perdix) (spec) Regular (N, introduced) / B
  • Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) (spec) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus) (spec) Accidental (NW) / (B) 1
  • Sharp-tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus) (spec) Extirpated / (b) (N)
  • Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido) (spec) Regular (SE, local) / B (endangered) 2
  • Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) (spec) Regular / B 3

Order: Podicipediformes

Family: Podicipedidae (Grebes)

  • Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps) (spec) Regular / B
  • Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus) (spec) Regular / (b)
  • Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena) (spec) Regular
  • Eared Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis) (spec) Regular / b (NE)
  • Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis) (spec) Regular
  • Clark’s Grebe (Aechmophorus clarkii) (doc) Accidental

Order: Columbiformes

Family: Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)

  • Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) (spec) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Band-tailed Pigeon (Patagioenas fasciata) (photo) Accidental
  • Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto) (spec) Regular (introduced) / B 6
  • Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) (spec) Extinct / (B)
  • Inca Dove (Columbina inca) (photo) Accidental
  • Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) (spec) Accidental
  • White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica) (spec) Casual
  • Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) (spec) Regular / B

Order: Cuculiformes

Family: Cuculidae (Cuckoos, Roadrunners, and Anis)

  • Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus) (spec) Regular / B (threatened)
  • Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris) (spec) Accidental

Order: Caprimulgiformes

Family: Caprimulgidae (Nightjars)

  • Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) (spec) Regular / B
  • Chuck-will’s-widow (Antrostomus carolinensis) (spec) Regular / B (threatened)
  • Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus) (spec) Regular / B

Order: Apodiformes

Family: Apodidae (Swifts)

  • Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)

  • Mexican Violetear (Colibri thallasinus) (photo) Accidental
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) (spec) Regular / B
  • Anna’s Hummingbird (Calypte anna) (photo) Accidental
  • Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus) (spec) Regular
  • Allen’s Hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin) (spec) Accidental 7
  • Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris) (spec) Accidental 7

Order: Gruiformes

Family: Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)

  • Yellow Rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis) (spec) Regular / (b) (N)
  • Black Rail (Laterallus jamaicensis) (spec) Casual / b (endangered)
  • King Rail (Rallus elegans) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola) (spec) Regular / B
  • Sora (Porzana carolina) (spec) Regular / B
  • Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinicus) (spec) Casual / b (S)
  • Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • American Coot (Fulica americana) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Gruidae (Cranes)

  • Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Whooping Crane (Grus americana) (spec) Accidental

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)

  • Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) (spec) Regular / b
  • American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana) (spec) Regular

Family: Charadriidae (Lapwings and Plovers)

  • Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola) (spec) Regular
  • American Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominica) (spec) Regular
  • Snowy Plover (Charadrius nivosus) (photo) Casual
  • Wilson’s Plover (Charadrius wilsonia) (photo) Accidental
  • Common Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula) (photo, audio) Accidental
  • Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus) (spec) Regular
  • Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) (spec) Regular / b (endangered, State and Federal)
  • Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus) (photo) Accidental

Family: Scolopacidae (Sandpipers)

  • Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) (spec) Regular
  • Eskimo Curlew (Numenius borealis) (spec) Extinct
  • Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus) (spec) Accidental / (b)
  • Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa haemastica) (spec) Regular
  • Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa) (spec) Regular
  • Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) (spec) Regular
  • Red Knot (Calidris canutus) (spec) Regular (rufa subspecies threatened)
  • Ruff (Calidris pugnax) (photo) Casual
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata) (photo) Accidental
  • Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus) (spec) Regular
  • Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) (photo) Accidental
  • Sanderling (Calidris alba) (spec) Regular
  • Dunlin (Calidris alpina) (spec) Regular
  • Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima) (spec) Regular
  • Baird’s Sandpiper (Calidris bairdii) (spec) Regular
  • Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla) (spec) Regular
  • White-rumped Sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis) (spec) Regular
  • Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Calidris subruficollis) (spec) Regular
  • Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos) (spec) Regular
  • Semipalmated Sandpiper (Calidris pusilla) (spec) Regular
  • Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri) (spec) Regular
  • Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus) (spec) Regular
  • Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus) (spec) Regular
  • American Woodcock (Scolopax minor) (spec) Regular / B
  • Wilson’s Snipe (Gallinago delicata) (spec) Regular / B
  • Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius) (spec) Regular / B
  • Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria) (spec) Regular
  • Wandering Tattler (Tringa incana) (photo) Accidental
  • Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes) (spec) Regular
  • Willet (Tringa semipalmata) (spec) Regular
  • Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca) (spec) Regular
  • Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor) (spec) Regular / b (NE) (endangered)
  • Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) (spec) Regular
  • Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius) (spec) Regular

Family: Stercorariidae (Skuas and Jaegers)

  • Pomarine Jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus) (photo) Accidental 5
  • Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus) (spec) Regular 5
  • Long-tailed Jaeger (Stercorarius longicaudus) (photo) Accidental 5

Family: Alcidae (Auks, Murres, and Puffins)

  • Dovekie (Alle alle) (doc) Accidental
  • Ancient Murrelet (Synthliboramphus antiquus) (spec) Accidental

Family: Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)

  • Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) (spec) Regular
  • Ivory Gull (Pagophila eburnea) (photo) Accidental
  • Sabine’s Gull (Xema sabini) (spec) Regular
  • Bonaparte’s Gull (Chroicocephalus philadelphia) (spec) Regular
  • Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) (photo) Accidental
  • Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus) (photo) Casual
  • Ross’s Gull (Rhodostethia rosea) (photo) Accidental
  • Laughing Gull (Leucophaeus atricilla) (spec) Regular
  • Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan) (spec) Regular
  • Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris) (photo) Accidental
  • Mew Gull (Larus canus) (photo) Casual
  • Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis) (spec) Regular / B
  • California Gull (Larus californicus) (photo) Regular
  • Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides) (photo) Regular
  • Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) (photo) Regular
  • Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus) (photo) Accidental
  • Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens) (photo) Accidental
  • Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus) (spec) Regular
  • Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) (spec) Regular
  • Sooty Tern (Onychoprion fuscatus) (doc) Accidental
  • Least Tern (Sternula antillarum) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Large-billed Tern (Phaetusa simplex) (doc) Accidental
  • Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica) (photo) Accidental
  • Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia) (spec) Regular / B
  • Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea) (photo) Casual
  • Forster’s Tern (Sterna forsteri) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Royal Tern (Thalasseus maximus) (photo) Casual
  • Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis) (doc) Accidental
  • Black Skimmer (Rynchops niger) (photo) Accidental

Order: Gaviiformes

Family: Gaviidae (Loons)

  • Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata) (spec) Regular
  • Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica) (photo) Regular
  • Common Loon (Gavia immer) (spec) Regular / (b) (N)
  • Yellow-billed Loon (Gavia adamsii) (spec) Accidental

Order: Ciconiiformes

Family: Ciconiidae (Storks)

  • Wood Stork (Mycteria americana) (spec) Casual

Order: Suliformes

Family: Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)

  • Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens) (doc) Accidental

Family: Sulidae (Boobies and Gannets)

  • Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus) (doc) Accidental

Family: Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)

  • Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus) (spec) Casual
  • Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Anhingidae (Darters)

  • Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga) (photo) Accidental

Order: Pelecaniformes

Family: Pelecanidae (Pelicans)

  • American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) (spec) Regular / B
  • Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) (spec) Accidental

Family: Ardeidae (Bitterns, Herons, and Allies)

  • American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus) (spec) Regular / b (endangered)
  • Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis) (spec) Regular / B (threatened)
  • Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias) (spec) Regular / B
  • Great Egret (Ardea alba) (spec) Regular / B
  • Snowy Egret (Egretta thula) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Tricolored Heron (Egretta tricolor) (photo) Casual
  • Reddish Egret (Egretta rufescens) (photo) Accidental
  • Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Green Heron (Butorides virescens) (spec) Regular / B
  • Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (Nyctanassa violacea) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)

Family: Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)

  • White Ibis (Eudocimus albus) (spec) Casual
  • Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) (photo) Regular
  • White-faced Ibis (Plegadis chihi) (photo) Regular
  • Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja) (photo) Casual

Order: Cathartiformes

Family: Cathartidae (New World Vultures)

  • Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus) (photo) Regular / B (S) (local)
  • Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) (spec) Regular / B

Order: Accipitriformes

Family: Pandionidae (Ospreys)

  • Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) (spec) Regular / b (local) (endangered)

Family: Accipitridae (Hawks, Kites, Eagles, and Allies)

  • Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus) (spec) Casual / (b)
  • White-tailed Kite (Elanus leucurus) (doc) Accidental
  • Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis) (spec) Regular / B (S, local) (threatened)
  • Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Northern Harrier (Circus hudsonius) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus) (spec) Regular / b
  • Cooper’s Hawk (Accipiter cooperii) (spec) Regular / B
  • Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) (spec) Regular
  • Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Swainson’s Hawk (Buteo swainsoni) (spec) Regular / B (NE, local) (endangered)
  • Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Rough-legged Hawk (Buteo lagopus) (spec) Regular
  • Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis) (spec) Accidental
  • Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) (spec) Regular

Order: Strigiformes

Family: Tytonidae (Barn Owls)

  • Barn Owl (Tyto alba) (spec) Regular / B (threatened)

Family: Strigidae (Typical Owls)

  • Eastern Screech-Owl (Megascops asio) (spec) Regular / B
  • Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus) (spec) Regular
  • Northern Hawk Owl (Surnia ulula) (spec) Accidental
  • Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) (spec) Casual
  • Barred Owl (Strix varia) (spec) Regular / B
  • Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) (spec) Regular / b
  • Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Boreal Owl (Aegolius funereus) (spec) Accidental
  • Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus) (spec) Regular / b

Order: Coraciiformes

Family: Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)

  • Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon) (spec) Regular / B

Order: Piciformes

Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers and Allies)

  • Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Williamson’s Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus thyroideus) (doc) Accidental
  • Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius) (spec) Regular / b
  • Red-naped Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis) (photo) Accidental
  • Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens) (spec) Regular / B
  • Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis) (photo) Accidental
  • Black-backed Woodpecker (Picoides arcticus) (spec) Accidental
  • Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) (spec) Regular / B

Order: Falconiformes

Family: Falconidae (Caracaras and Falcons)

  • American Kestrel (Falco sparverius) (spec) Regular / B
  • Merlin (Falco columbarius) (spec) Regular
  • Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus) (spec) Casual
  • Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) (spec) Regular / B 8
  • Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus) (spec) Regular

Order: Psittaciformes

Family: Psittacidae (African and New World Parrots)

  • Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus) (spec) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Carolina Parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis) (spec) Extinct / (B)

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)

  • White-crested/Small-billed Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps/parvirostris) (photo) Accidental 9
  • Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi) (spec) Regular
  • Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens) (spec) Regular / B
  • Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris) (spec) Regular
  • Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens) (spec) Regular / B
  • Alder Flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum) (spec) Regular
  • Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii) (spec) Regular / B
  • Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher (Empidonax difficilis/occidentalis) (spec) Accidental
  • Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) (spec) Regular / B
  • Say’s Phoebe (Sayornis saya) (photo) Casual
  • Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus) (photo) Accidental
  • Ash-throated Flycatcher (Myiarchus cinerascens) (spec) Accidental
  • Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus) (photo) Accidental
  • Western Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis) (spec) Regular / b (local)
  • Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Gray Kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis) (photo) Accidental
  • Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus forficatus) (photo) Regular / b
  • Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana) (photo) Casual

Family: Laniidae (Shrikes)

  • Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Northern Shrike (Lanius borealis) (spec) Regular

Family: Vireonidae (Vireos)

  • White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Bell’s Vireo (Vireo bellii) (spec) Regular / B
  • Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons) (spec) Regular / B
  • Cassin’s Vireo (Vireo cassinii) (doc) Accidental
  • Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius) (spec) Regular / b
  • Plumbeous Vireo (Vireo plumbeus) (photo) Accidental
  • Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus) (spec) Regular
  • Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Corvidae (Crows and Jays)

  • Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) (spec) Regular / B
  • California/Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma californica/woodhouseii) (photo) Accidental
  • Clark’s Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana) (spec) Accidental
  • Black-billed Magpie (Pica hudsonia) (spec) Accidental
  • American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) (spec) Regular / B
  • Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus) (spec) Regular / B (S)
  • Common Raven (Corvus corax) (spec) Extirpated / (B)

Family: Alaudidae (Larks)

  • Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Hirundinidae (Swallows)

  • Purple Martin (Progne subis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) (spec) Regular / B
  • Violet-green Swallow (Tachycineta thalassina) (photo) Accidental / b (cross-breeding)
  • Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia) (spec) Regular / B
  • Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) (spec) Regular / B
  • Cave Swallow (Petrochelidon fulva) (spec) Casual
  • Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Paridae (Chickadees and Titmice)

  • Carolina Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Boreal Chickadee (Poecile hudsonicus) (spec) Accidental
  • Tufted Titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Sittidae (Nuthatches)

  • Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis) (spec) Regular / b (N)
  • White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Brown-headed Nuthatch (Sitta pusilla) (photo) Accidental

Family: Certhiidae (Creepers)

  • Brown Creeper (Certhia americana) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Troglodytidae (Wrens)

  • Rock Wren (Salpinctes obsoletus) (spec) Casual
  • House Wren (Troglodytes aedon) (spec) Regular / B
  • Winter Wren (Troglodytes hiemalis) (spec) Regular
  • Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Marsh Wren (Cistothorus palustris) (spec) Regular / B
  • Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Bewick’s Wren (Thryomanes bewickii) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)

Family: Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers and Gnatwrens)

  • Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Regulidae (Kinglets)

  • Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa) (spec) Regular / b (N)
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula) (spec) Regular

Family: Muscicapidae (Old World Flycatchers)

  • Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) (photo) Accidental

Family: Turdidae (Thrushes)

  • Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Mountain Bluebird (Sialia currucoides) (photo) Accidental
  • Townsend’s Solitaire (Myadestes townsendi) (spec) Casual
  • Veery (Catharus fuscescens) (spec) Regular / B
  • Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus) (spec) Regular
  • Swainson’s Thrush (Catharus ustulatus) (spec) Regular
  • Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus) (spec) Regular
  • Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina) (spec) Regular / B
  • American Robin (Turdus migratorius) (spec) Regular / B
  • Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius) (spec) Regular

Family: Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)

  • Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Curve-billed Thrasher (Toxostoma curvirostre) (photo) Accidental
  • Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum) (spec) Regular / B
  • Sage Thrasher (Oreoscoptes montanus) (photo) Casual
  • Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Sturnidae (Starlings)

  • European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) (spec) Regular (introduced) / B

Family: Bombycillidae (Waxwings)

  • Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus) (spec) Casual
  • Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)

  • House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) (spec) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) (spec) Regular (introduced) / B

Family: Motacillidae (Wagtails and Pipits)

  • American Pipit (Anthus rubescens) (spec) Regular
  • Sprague’s Pipit (Anthus spragueii) (spec) Casual

Family: Fringillidae (Fringilline and Cardueline Finches and Allies)

  • Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus) (spec) Regular
  • Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator) (spec) Casual
  • Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch (Leucosticte tephrocotis) (photo) Accidental
  • House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus) (spec) Regular (introduced) / B
  • Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus) (spec) Regular / (b)
  • Common Redpoll (Acanthis flammea) (spec) Regular
  • Hoary Redpoll (Acanthis hornemanni) (photo) Casual
  • Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) (spec) Regular / b
  • White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera) (spec) Regular
  • Pine Siskin (Spinus pinus) (spec) Regular / b
  • American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Calcariidae (Longspurs and Snow Bunting)

  • Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus) (spec) Regular
  • Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus) (photo) Accidental
  • Smith’s Longspur (Calcarius pictus) (spec) Regular
  • Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis) (spec) Regular

Family: Passerellidae (New World Sparrows)

  • Green-tailed Towhee (Pipilo chlorurus) (photo) Accidental
  • Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus) (spec) Regular
  • Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Cassin’s Sparrow (Peucaea cassinii) (spec) Accidental
  • Bachman’s Sparrow (Peucaea aestivalis) (spec) Accidental / (b)
  • American Tree Sparrow (Spizelloides arborea) (spec) Regular
  • Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina) (spec) Regular / B
  • Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida) (spec) Regular / b (N, local)
  • Brewer’s Sparrow (Spizella breweri) (spec) Accidental
  • Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla) (spec) Regular / B
  • Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Black-throated Sparrow (Amphispiza bilineata) (photo) Accidental
  • Lark Bunting (Calamospiza melanocorys) (spec) Casual
  • Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum) (spec) Regular /
  • Henslow’s Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii) (spec) Regular / B
  • LeConte’s Sparrow (Ammodramus leconteii) (spec) Regular / (b) (N)
  • Nelson’s Sparrow (Ammodramus nelsoni) (spec) Regular
  • Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca) (spec) Regular
  • Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia) (spec) Regular / B
  • Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii) (spec) Regular
  • Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana) (spec) Regular / B
  • White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis) (spec) Regular / b (NE)
  • Harris’s Sparrow (Zonotrichia querula) (spec) Regular
  • White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys) (spec) Regular
  • Golden-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia atricapilla) (spec) Accidental
  • Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis) (spec) Regular

Family: Icteriidae (Yellow-breasted Chats)

  • Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens) (spec) Regular / B

Family: Icteridae (Blackbirds)

  • Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus) (spec) Regular / B (endangered)
  • Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) (spec) Regular / B
  • Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) (spec) Regular / B
  • Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius) (spec) Regular / B
  • Bullock’s Oriole (Icterus bullockii) (photo) Accidental
  • Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula) (spec) Regular / B
  • Scott’s Oriole (Icterus parisorum) (photo) Accidental
  • Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater) (spec) Regular / B
  • Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus) (spec) Regular
  • Brewer’s Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus) (spec) Regular / B (N)
  • Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) (spec) Regular / B
  • Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus) (spec) Casual

Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers)

  • Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla) (spec) Regular / B
  • Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum) (spec) Regular / B
  • Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla) (spec) Regular / B
  • Northern Waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis) (spec) Regular
  • Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera) (spec) Regular / b (N)
  • Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera) (spec) Regular / B
  • Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia) (spec) Regular / B
  • Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea) (spec) Regular / B
  • Swainson’s Warbler (Limnothlypis swainsonii) (spec) Casual / b (S) (endangered) 10
  • Tennessee Warbler (Oreothlypis peregrina) (spec) Regular
  • Orange-crowned Warbler (Oreothlypis celata) (spec) Regular
  • Nashville Warbler (Oreothlypis ruficapilla) (spec) Regular / b
  • Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis) (spec) Regular
  • MacGillivray’s Warbler (Geothlypis tolmiei) (spec) Accidental
  • Mourning Warbler (Geothlypis philadelphia) (spec) Regular / b
  • Kentucky Warbler (Geothlypis formosa) (spec) Regular / B
  • Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas) (spec) Regular / B
  • Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina) (spec) Regular / B
  • American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) (spec) Regular / B
  • Kirtland’s Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii) (spec) Casual
  • Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrina) (spec) Regular
  • Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea) (spec) Regular / B (threatened)
  • Northern Parula (Setophaga americana) (spec) Regular / B
  • Magnolia Warbler (Setophaga magnolia) (spec) Regular
  • Bay-breasted Warbler (Setophaga castanea) (spec) Regular
  • Blackburnian Warbler (Setophaga fusca) (spec) Regular
  • Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia) (spec) Regular / B
  • Chestnut-sided Warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica) (spec) Regular / B
  • Blackpoll Warbler (Setophaga striata) (spec) Regular
  • Black-throated Blue Warbler (Setophaga caerulescens) (spec) Regular
  • Palm Warbler (Setophaga palmarum) (spec) Regular
  • Pine Warbler (Setophaga pinus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata) (spec) Regular
  • Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica) (spec) Regular / B
  • Prairie Warbler (Setophaga discolor) (spec) Regular / B
  • Grace’s Warbler (Setophaga graciae) (photo) Accidental / B
  • Black-throated Gray Warbler (Setophaga nigrescens) (phot) Casual
  • Townsend’s Warbler (Setophaga townsendi) (photo) Casual
  • Hermit Warbler (Setophaga occidentalis) (photo) Accidental
  • Black-throated Green Warbler (Setophaga virens) (spec) Regular / b
  • Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis) (spec) Regular / b
  • Wilson’s Warbler (Cardellina pusilla) (spec) Regular

Family: Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)

  • Hepatic Tanager (Piranga flava) (photo) Accidental
  • Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra) (spec) Regular / B
  • Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea) (spec) Regular / B
  • Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana) (spec) Casual
  • Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) (spec) Regular / B
  • Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus) (spec) Regular / B
  • Black-headed Grosbeak (Pheucticus melanocephalus) (spec) Accidental
  • Blue Grosbeak (Passerina caerulea) (spec) Regular / B
  • Lazuli Bunting (Passerina amoena) (spec) Accidental
  • Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) (spec) Regular / B
  • Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris) (spec) Casual / b (local)
  • Dickcissel (Spiza americana) (spec) Regular / B


1 Ruffed Grouse in NW Illinois may represent a remnant native population or wild dispersals from Wisconsin or Iowa. A very small population in Pope County may be the result of late 1950’s or early 1960’s releases of wild-trapped birds. All other populations in Union and Alexander County or extreme western Jo Daviess County are the results of wild-trapped birds released during the period 1982-94 and are not considered established.

2 During the summers of 1991-98 Greater Prairie-Chickens from out-of-state were introduced into Illinois’ only remaining populations in Jasper and Marion counties.

3 The native Wild Turkey population in Illinois was extirpated in the early 1900’s. Turkeys were first reintroduced in the Shawnee Forest in 1959 from out-of-state stock. Once established there, Illinois birds have been and continue to be introduced to unpopulated locations throughout the state.

4 The status of the three species of jaegers in Illinois remains unclear, reflecting the paucity of accepted documentations, although the genus as a whole is certainly Regular. Historically, Parasitic has been thought to be by far the most frequent species, but recent evidence suggests that Pomarine and Long-tailed are less exceptional than formerly believed. Bailey (2002) reviews records of jaegers in Illinois, although many of the records he treats have not been accepted as correctly identified by IORC. We treat Parasitic and Pomarine Jaegers as regular as suggested by Bailey (2002), and based on their abundance in the much greater number of records from Lake Michigan in Indiana (Brock 1986). However, in view of the limited number of well-documented reports identified to species, the Committee will continue to review documentations for all jaegers identified to species until a clearer picture of the relative abundance and timing of migration emerges.

5 Eurasian Collared-Doves have spread dramatically through southern and central Illinois since first recorded in 1996, and have established breeding populations known from several locations. The species was introduced into the Bahamas in 1974, and spread from there on its own to Florida by the late 1970’s. The Illinois population is the result of the explosive spread of this species through eastern North America. In addition, a population of African Collared-Doves (Streptopelia roseogrisea) has been present in the Joliet area since at least 19xx and dispersers from this population or other escapes have been recorded in most counties of northeastern Illinois. Because of taxonomic uncertainty regarding this form and the fact that most feral populations of African Collared-Doves elsewhere in North America have not proven to be self-sustaining, IORCdoes not consider African Collared-Dove to be a valid member of the established avifauna in Illinois.

6 Broad-billed Hummingbird is represented by an incomplete specimen (ISM 660432, a tail feather) and a series of photographs.

7 Allen’s Hummingbird is represented by an incomplete specimen (ISM 660484, two tail feathers) and a series of photographs.

8 Peregrine Falcon was extirpated as a breeding species; the current breeding population is reintroduced.

9 The specific identification of the April 2012 Douglas Park, Chicago Elaenia has not yet been determined. The Committee feels confident that the bird is either a White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps) or a Small-billed Elaenia (Elaenia parvirostris) and will continue to review the evidence surrounding this record.

10 Swainson’s Warbler was last confirmed breeding in Illinois in 1982. Apparent territorial males have been recorded in Jackson, Johnson, and Alexander Counties since 2007.

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